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Clinical Problem-SolvingFree Preview

The Young and the Breathless

List of authors.
  • Jacob J. Mayfield, M.D.,
  • Danelle Hidano, M.D.,
  • J. Alexander Torres, M.D.,
  • Mathilde H. Pioro, M.D.,
  • and Catherine M. Otto, M.D.

A previously healthy 18-year-old woman presented to a primary care provider with a 2-month history of headaches and midscapular pain. The midscapular pain was worse at night and lessened with exercise.

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Funding and Disclosures

Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the full text of this article at

Drs. Mayfield and Hidano contributed equally to this article.

We thank Kelly D. Smith, M.D., Ph.D., from the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology at the University of Washington for providing histologic photomicrographs and valuable interpretation and Ruchi Kapoor, M.D., Ph.D., from the Division of Cardiology at the University of Washington for her critical review of an earlier version of the manuscript.

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Cardiology (J.J.M., D.H., C.M.O.), the Department of Medicine (J.A.T.), and the Division of Rheumatology (M.H.P.), University of Washington, Seattle.

Dr. Mayfield can be contacted at or at the Division of Cardiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific St., Box 356422, Seattle, WA 98195.

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