This article is available to subscribers. Subscribe now. Already have an account? Sign in

EditorialFree Preview

PTSD — Seeking the Ghost in the Machine

List of authors.
  • Rebecca D. Folkerth, M.D.

A century after “the war to end all wars,” we continue to find our human community divided by conflict and our military service members at the leading edge. The ghostly scars of shell shock, later termed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), have haunted generations of soldiers, as well as civilian survivors of many types of trauma, since long before the Great War. Despite current societal acceptance of PTSD as a disorder worthy of compassion, diagnostic recognition, and multidisciplinary research, these scars have remained, like ghosts, largely and frustratingly invisible in the sense that little is understood of their cellular basis in . . .

Continue reading this article

Select an option below:

Create your account to get 2 free subscriber-only articles each month.

Get Free Access Now Subscribe For Full Access

Already have an account?

Sign In

Print subscriber?

Activate your online access.

Funding and Disclosures

Disclosure forms provided by the author are available with the full text of this editorial at NEJM.org.

Author Affiliations

From the New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner, and the Department of Forensic Medicine, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York.