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When Naloxone Isn’t Enough

List of authors.
  • Sarah Messmer, M.D.,
  • and Jennie Jarrett, Pharm.D., M.Med.Ed.

Not all people who use drugs are interested in recovery support or medications for opioid use disorder. For patients who decline such care, the health care system does next to nothing to reduce the risk of death — but not because nothing can be done.

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Funding and Disclosures

Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available at

This article was published on May 21, 2022, at

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Medicine (S.M.) and the College of Pharmacy (J.J.), University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago.