Spina bifida, a congenital disorder of the spinal cord, leads to medical and neurologic complications. Modern surgical techniques and comprehensive medical care have greatly improved outcomes.
Funding and Disclosures
Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the full text of this article at NEJM.org.
We thank Joyce Koueik for assistance in background research and Kirk Hogan, Brittany Allen, David Joseph, Jacqueline Parchem, Brady Lundin, Randolph Ashton, John (Jay) Wellons, Abhaya Kulkarni, Catherine Mazzola, and the University of Wisconsin Pediatric Spina Bifida Clinic providers (Blaise Nemeth, Kenneth Noonan, Ruthie Su, Walid Farhat, Lisa McLennan, James [Andy] Stadler, Raheel Ahmed, and Melissa Villejas) for advice or critical comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.
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